ScalaTest User Guide

Getting started

Selecting testing styles

Defining base classes

Writing your first test

Using assertions

Tagging your tests

Running your tests

Sharing fixtures

Sharing tests

Using matchers

Testing with mock objects

Property-based testing

Asynchronous testing

Using Selenium

Using Scala-js

Using Inside

Using OptionValues

Using EitherValues

Using PartialFunctionValues

Using PrivateMethodTester

Using WrapWith

Philosophy and design

Migrating to 3.0

Using EitherValues

ScalaTest's EitherValues trait provides an implicit conversion that adds left.value and right.value methods to Either, which will return the selected value of the Either if defined, or throw TestFailedException if not.

This construct allows you to express in one statement that an Either should be left or right and that its value should meet some expectation. Here's are some examples:

either1.right.value should be > 9
either2.left.value should be ("Muchas problemas")

Or, using assertions instead of matcher expressions:

assert(either1.right.value > 9)
assert(either2.left.value === "Muchas problemas")

Were you to simply invoke right.get or left.get on the Either, if the Either wasn't defined as expected (e.g., it was a Left when you expected a Right), it would throw a NoSuchElementException:

val either: Either[String, Int] = Left("Muchas problemas")

either.right.get should be > 9 // either.right.get throws NoSuchElementException

The NoSuchElementException would cause the test to fail, but without providing a stack depth pointing to the failing line of test code. This stack depth, provided by TestFailedException (and a few other ScalaTest exceptions), makes it quicker for users to navigate to the cause of the failure. Without EitherValues, to get a stack depth exception you would need to make two statements, like this:

val either: Either[String, Int] = Left("Muchas problemas")

either should be ('right) // throws TestFailedException either.right.get should be > 9

The EitherValues trait allows you to state that more concisely:

val either: Either[String, Int] = Left("Muchas problemas")

either.right.value should be > 9 // either.right.value throws TestFailedException

Next, we can look at another goodie. Let's learn about using PartialFunctionValues.

ScalaTest is brought to you by Bill Venners and Artima.
ScalaTest is free, open-source software released under the Apache 2.0 license.

If your company loves ScalaTest, please consider sponsoring the project.

Copyright © 2009-2017 Artima, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

artima